Tooth Enamel Repair Procedures

Tooth enamel is the strongest substance in our bodies, but it can be damaged. This damage is usually caused by acidic foods and drinks, hard brushing and dry mouth.


Enamel is translucent and covers dentin (the material inside your teeth that determines their color). It protects your teeth from the wear-and-tear of chewing, biting and grinding. It also insulates your teeth from hot and cold temperatures.


Bonding is a cosmetic dental procedure that can be used to fix a variety of issues, including repairing minor chips and cracks in your teeth. It uses a composite resin material to reshape and improve the look of your teeth, making them appear healthier and more attractive. Unlike veneers, it requires minimal enamel removal, allowing you to keep more of your natural teeth intact.

Your dentist will use a conditioning liquid to roughen the surface of your tooth, then apply the composite resin and sculpt it into place. It will be hardened using a bright light before being polished for a smooth finish and natural appearance. Bonding is quick and painless, and it can be done in one visit to the dentist.

The beauty of dental bonding is that it does not alter your natural teeth in any way, and the composite resin color will match your natural tooth color. It is also a good choice for cosmetic changes that do not pose any health or structural concerns, such as fixing gaps in your teeth or changing the shape of crooked teeth.

However, it is important to note that your bonded teeth may not be as durable as natural teeth and the resin can chip. You should avoid habits such as biting your nails, chewing on pens or ice and using your teeth to tear things open, as these can cause damage to your bonding. Regular visits to the dentist are also crucial, as they can ensure that your bonding is in good condition and help you maintain good oral hygiene practices.

Porcelain Veneers

Porcelain veneers have an appearance that closely matches natural tooth enamel. They are also stain-resistant, making them a popular choice for smile makeovers. They’re particularly useful for treating teeth that are heavily discolored or have gaps in the front teeth where regular whitening is not an option. Veneers are non-reversible because the dentist must remove a portion of the original tooth to apply them, but they are a great solution for those who want a whiter and more attractive smile.

Unlike composite resin, porcelain veneers are translucent, and they reflect light like the teeth they’re applied to. This makes them look more natural, and they resist stains much better than resin. In addition, they can be used to fix a wide variety of cosmetic dental problems that other treatments cannot.

Although porcelain veneers are very durable, they can crack and become loose over time. This exposes the back of the tooth and can lead to decay, which is why it’s important to maintain good oral hygiene. Use a fluoride toothpaste that’s specially formulated for veneers and floss daily to avoid plaque build-up. Also, use an alcohol-free mouthwash to kill bacteria that contributes to gum disease.

If you’re interested in restoring your smile with porcelain veneers, speak to your dentist about treatment options and costs. They’ll be happy to help you find a way to fit the cost of this popular procedure within your budget.


Dental crowns can be used to restore severely damaged teeth by covering them and strengthening the structure. They can also protect the tooth from future infections and decay. They are often recommended in conjunction with root canal therapy to prevent infections or injury to the pulp of a tooth. However, they are not a substitute for regular oral hygiene and cleaning.

Crowns can be made from a variety of materials, including ceramic, porcelain and metal. They can be custom-made to match the appearance of your natural teeth. Ceramic crowns are often preferred as they resist staining and chipping well. However, they can be difficult to color match and are more prone to breaking. They are also more fragile than all-metal crowns and should not be chewed or bitten on.

All-metal crowns are generally more durable than ceramic ones, but they can be prone to corrosion and can break or crack with significant force. They are best suited for back molars where they are less visible. They can also be made from base metal alloys to improve the strength and durability of the restoration.

Although a tooth’s enamel cannot be restored to its original condition after an acid attack, it can be protected with remineralization toothpastes or mouthwashes. In addition, adjusting your diet to avoid acidic foods can help reduce erosion by restoring the pH balance of your teeth more quickly.

Root Canal

The best way to preserve the structure of natural teeth is through root canal treatment, which involves removing injured tooth pulp. Infected or dead tooth pulp can cause a range of symptoms, including sharp pain, tenderness in the gums, sensitivity to hot and cold, and an unpleasant taste in the mouth. If left untreated, the infection may spread to other parts of the body.

Underneath the enamel and dentin layers, a soft tissue known as pulp contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue. A healthy tooth can exist without the pulp, but if the pulp becomes inflamed or infected, it needs to be removed. If the infection is not treated, the tooth will likely become painful or even fall out.

To perform a root canal, the dentist first numbs the area around the affected tooth. A sheet of latex rubber is then placed over the tooth to keep it dry and clean. Then, the dentist creates an access hole in the tooth and removes the tooth’s nerve along with bacteria and other debris. The root canals are then cleaned and disinfected with germ-killing medication. A rubber-like compound called gutta-percha is then placed in the root canals to seal them.

There are a variety of reasons that tooth pulp can become inflamed or infected, such as deep decay, repeated dental procedures on a tooth, and large fillings. Practicing good oral hygiene (brushing twice a day, flossing daily, using an antiseptic mouthwash, and scheduling regular dental checkups) can reduce the likelihood of needing a root canal.