Dental Prosthetics

Dental prosthetics not only restore oral function and aesthetics but also preserve remaining teeth and prevent bone loss. In addition, they contribute to the maintenance of overall health by preventing complications like gum disease and nutrition problems.

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Dental Bridges

Oftentimes, dental prosthetics are used to replace missing or damaged teeth. This can be a great solution to improve your appearance, but it also helps you chew more easily and speak clearly. It can also help prevent gum disease, loss of bone density and more.

A bridge is a group of two or more artificial teeth linked together, typically with a crown on both sides and a false tooth in the middle called a pontic. A bridge usually requires multiple appointments to complete. At the first appointment, your dentist will prepare the abutment teeth (the natural teeth on either side of the gap). They will take an impression and send it off to the lab to create your new bridge.

If you have a bridge, it is important to keep up with your oral hygiene routine. This is because the bridge is held in place by your abutment teeth, so if they become infected it can lead to other problems like fractures or tooth decay. It is also a good idea to see your hygienist regularly to clean underneath the bridge.

Dentures

Dentures are a modern take on traditional artificial teeth. They are molded to fit over your gums and held in place by denture adhesive. They help to restore the appearance of your mouth and face and are also a helpful tool in helping patients enunciate sibilants and fricatives.

They can be fabricated as plastic on a cast metal base (acrylic dentures) or even in a more durable form that is attached to dental implants for a more stable fit. Your dentist will make models, wax forms and plastic patterns of your jaws to determine how they relate to each other and create a denture that fits your exact specifications.

For those missing multiple adjacent teeth, a dental bridge might be a better option. This prosthetic consists of crowns that are anchored to natural teeth on either side of the gap and then artificial teeth fill in the space between them. It can be either a removable or fixed version, and like your teeth it needs to be cleaned regularly to reduce the likelihood of decay.

Crowns

Crowns are recommended to strengthen a tooth that has had root canal therapy and to close spaces or repair damage to a smile. They are also used to support dental bridges and cover dental implants.

A porcelain crown is a restoration that looks and functions just like your natural teeth. It is bonded to the top of a natural tooth and transmits light just like the underlying enamel. Porcelain crowns are a great option for front teeth where aesthetics are important.

Metal crowns are a durable solution for molars (the teeth at the back of your mouth). They can also be used to rebuild a heavily worn down tooth and protect it from further breakdown. They are made of base metals that offer excellent strength and durability but do not look as natural in the mouth.

Ultimately the prosthodontist’s goal is to restore function, particularly mastication, with optimal occlusal contacts and a stable and efficient mastication unit. The proper treatment depends on a number of factors including your oral health condition, your budget and your preferences.

Inlays/Onlays

Dental prosthetics are used to repair damaged teeth and restore the functionality of your smile. There are many different kinds of dental prosthetics, but the most common types are bridges, dentures, and implants.

An inlay or onlay is a custom restoration that is designed to repair moderately damaged teeth. These tooth restorations are typically placed when a tooth is too far damaged for a filling but not enough to require a crown. Inlays and onlays are bonded to the tooth to repair it while maintaining as much of the natural tooth structure as possible.

An inlay or onlay can be made from ceramic, composite resin, gold, or porcelain. A dentist can match the color of the porcelain to the surrounding teeth for a natural appearance and less risk of discoloration over time. These tooth restorations are fabricated outside the mouth on a model of the damaged tooth. They are then bonded to the tooth during the second visit with your dentist. This is also known as indirect inlay and onlay. This is a more complex procedure but it can last longer than a direct inlay.

Implants

Dental prosthetics are effective at repairing, restoring and replacing damaged teeth to help you look better and improve the way you eat. They can be permanently fixed or removable, depending on what the dentist determines is best for the patient’s needs.

A dental implant consists of a metal frame or post that is surgically placed into the jawbone. It will then fuse with the bone (known as osseointegration) to provide a stable foundation for the overlying dental restoration.

There are two main surgical approaches to placing implants: the two-stage and the one-stage. The two-stage surgical approach places the implant body below the gum tissue until the bone heals. Then, a permucosal element is attached to the implant body, and then a restoration is placed on top.

A bridge is a type of dental prosthetic that replaces missing teeth in a row. It consists of crowns on both sides with artificial teeth in between (pontics). The crowns are anchored to your natural teeth and the pontics fill the gap in your smile. Partial dentures are another option that is less invasive and can help keep other teeth healthy.